It’s 2018, but still the country struggles with gender-equality issues. With gender-based apartheid continuing to plague the Indian society, the quest for equality does not cease to exist, stressing on the dire need of women empowerment.
As per the World Economic Forum, India ranked 87th out of 144 countries on the Global Gender Gap Index, which is a clear indicator of the severity of this problem.
Summing up this problem and its root cause, ace industrialist and philanthropist Sanjay Dalmia says, “A society that expects women to befit the mould of an ‘ideal bharatiya naari’, has constrained them in the inherently patriarchal setup for decades now.”
Deeming women as the real architects of society, Sanjay Dalmia, chairman of Dalmia Group emphasizes on the need for their empowerment for progress of the nation as a whole. But it becomes important for everyone to have a comprehensive understanding of the concept of gender equality.
According to ABC Of Women Worker’s Rights And Gender Equality, ILO, 2000, “Gender equality, equality between men and women, entails the concept that all human beings, both men and women, are free to develop their personal abilities and make choices without the limitations set by stereotypes, rigid gender roles and prejudices. Gender equality means that the different behaviour, aspirations and needs of women and men are considered, valued and favoured equally. It does not mean that women and men have to become the same, but that their rights, responsibilities and opportunities will not depend on whether they are born male or female.”
Sanjay Dalmia suggests women entrepreneurship as a major medium for empowering women. “In a number of cases, women are not aware of the potential they harbour within themselves. Right mentoring and guidance is all what they need to be motivated and realize their capabilities,” he says.
Countries like Germany have set the perfect precedent for gender-equality with their social norms and education system. It imparts complete sex education to the adolescents and promotes a culture of liberal upbringing. The country has complete intolerance to violence against women and has the same rights and responsibilities for married men and women. More and more men are also taking parental leaves for looking after their infants while their mothers are at work.
Certainly, adapting to the norms of such countries, we can easily attain an empowered mind-set, deeming men and women equally in every aspect.