We’re sure you don’t know these English words have Sanskrit origin!

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AM & PM

Sanskrit is perhaps one of the oldest languages in the world. It is deemed as the soul of Indian culture and tradition. The language composes the Rig and other Vedas, which have been recognized as the earliest manuscripts on the planet. It is rightly revered as the language of Gods in India.

The importance of the language can be well estimated from the words of Jawaharlal Nehru in his book The Discovery of India: “If I was asked what the greatest treasure which India possesses is, and what is her greatest heritage, I would answer unhesitatingly that it is the Sanskrit language and literature and all that it contains. This is a magnificent inheritance, and so long as this endures and influences the life of our people, so long will the basic genius of India continue.”

Sanskrit serves as the base for various sciences like Physics, Chemistry, Environmental Science, Botany, Zoology, Mathematics, Agriculture, Architectural Science, Astrology, Metallurgy, Medicine, Geometry, Meteorology, etc. However, it still remains a lesser-known fact that many English words have Sanskrit origin.  The words like Sugar, Yoga, Candy, Avatar, etc., have been derived from Sanskrit.

Contrary to the common belief, the terms AM and PM also have a Sanskrit connotation and not English. As per the English parlance, AM and PM stand for ‘ante-meridian’ and ‘post-meridian’ respectively. However, the fact that ‘sun’, which is important for the calculation remains missing, makes it ambiguous. What happens to be the root cause of this confusion is the omission of the fact that the terms AM and PM are the initials of the hoary Sanskrit expressions — (आरोहणम् मार्तडस्य्) Arohanam Martandasaya (the climbing of the sun) and (पतनम् मार्तडस्य्) Patanam Martandasaya ( the falling of the sun).

It is apparent that the knowledge about the underlying concepts of Sanskrit have become all the more esoteric in the country. Considering its precision and accuracy, maybe it’s time that we start looking for all the good in this age-old language to decipher deeper meanings about basic things in life.